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Self-esteem among college students is a hard aspect to determine. One researcher found self-esteem to be how one views themselves according to their personal constructs on how they feel about themselves internally. The purpose of this study is to measure the self-esteem level among college students with respect to gender and to see if there is a significant increase or decrease of levels of self-esteem based on their gender. For the method, data was collected from 40 total undergraduate males and females. The results were done with an Independent Samples t Test. It was shown that there was no significance between gender and the level of self-esteem among college students.
Self-esteem among college students has been an issue when it comes to gender. A study done by Seifert and Miller (1988) states that males are judged less harshly than females, which in turn causes femalesí performance and behavior to be evaluated negatively which decreases their self-esteem. From as far back as you can think of, starting with grade school to the present, self-esteem has been around and has always been of some concern. When you were younger you never thought about self-esteem and what it meant or even how it could possibly shape you as a person. As you got older, self-esteem started to become of some importance on how you viewed yourself especially when your peers started to have an influence or impact on your life.
Self-esteem can be measured in many different ways. One way would be measured through the individualsí leadership and attitudes. A researcher (Canary & Hause, 1993) found gender scales traditionally used to measure masculinity do predict leadership. Another researcher went on to say that women are less likely to be pre-selected as leaders and the same leadership behavior is often evaluated more positively when attributed to a male than a female (Butler & Geis, 1990). With that in mind, you could say that women have lower self-esteem than men when it comes to leadership.
One other way self-esteem can be measured is by performance in the academic field. If someone doesnít excel as well as others in academics then that could lower a personís self-esteem. Academically, self-esteem does matter and is just as important as personal characteristics. It is said that males tend to exceed in certain subjects, such as, math more females, which boost the males self-esteem as a whole to a higher level. When it comes down to it, self-esteem affects the genders in more ways than one. To each gender as a whole, self-esteem comes more or less depending on circumstances, situations, and settings.
The purpose of this study is to see how self-esteem affects the genders and to compare the different levels of self-esteem to see who has a higher or lower self-esteem level.
Two groups of college aged subjects, exactly 20 males and 20 females between the ages of 18-23 from which data was collected. They were randomly chosen.
Paper and pencil assessment was given in the form of a questionnaire made by the researcher. The assessment consisted of a likert type scale version of the Finley self-esteem scale (Finley, 2005) which was distributed (see Appendix A).
The participants were divided into two groups, one male group and one female group. The scale was administered. They were asked to answer honestly. The questionnaire was administered to the participants randomly. From the collected responses of the data a comparison was done to see which gender had higher or lower self-esteem overall as a whole.
Canary, D.J., & Hause, K.S. (1993). Is there any reason to research sex differences in communication? Communication Quarterly, 41, 129-144.
Seifert, C. & Miller, C.E., (1988). Subordinatesí perceptions of leaders in task-performing dyads: Effects on sex of leader and subordinate, method of leader selection, and performance feedback. Sex Roles, 19, 13-28.
Respond to each statement by circling how much on the scale you actually agree or
disagree with each statement. Please answer truthfully and honestly.
SA=Strongly Agree A=Agree D=Disagree SD=Strongly Disagree
1. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. SA A D SD
2. At times, I think I am no good at all. SA A D SD
3. I feel that I have a number of good qualities. SA A D SD
4. I am able to do things as well as most other SA A D SD
5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of. SA A D SD
6. I certainly feel useless at times. SA A D SD
7. I feel that Iím a person of worth, on an SA A D SD
equal plane with others.
8. I wish I could have more respect for myself. SA A D SD
9. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a SA A D SD
10. I take a positive attitude toward myself. SA A D SD
11. I find it hard to make new friends. SA A D SD
12. I am satisfied with my social skills. SA A D SD
13. I wish my height or weight was different. SA A D SD
14. I am happy with the way I look. SA A D SD
15. I live up to other moral standards. SA A D SD
Gender: M_____ F_____ Age:______
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